Research Methods

Eval the class

I collect feedback from students in many ways. This is just one of it. My students are the center of my classroom. However, as a lecturer, I am the most impactful single person in the class. Honest feedback from my students has helped me level up. I’ve been doing this for more than twenty years. I sometimes lough, sometimes cry — and I sometimes mortified (in shame/self-denial). But honestly, every single piece of feedback has made me a better lecturer. I am no more afraid of having or inviting hard conversations. I guess, I am now a better, more excited lecturer.


Jump to…

CRLS Research Guide
Final class of A142
A summary of a research contribution
A Master’s degree vs a Doctoral degree
The research gap, how does it differs with the problem statement?
The structure of a research paper
The pain in a research journey
Final class of 2014 – The concluding lecture
A simple summary of study design (with examples)
The skeleton of a research proposal
On writing the objective of the study
A142 Students’ performance
Ahmad Zaid’s idea of experiment
The students’ lectures
The students’ posters
My sample poster
The students’ web tools demo
The literature review
A template for writing a research introduction
A guide in writing the thesis statement
A template for writing your problem statement
The research methodology syllabus
Other links

CRLS Research guide

http://www.crlsresearchguide.org/
csls
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Final class of A142

Date: 3rd June, 2015.

Class of A142 may be the quietest class I have ever had. They are so shy and always have reservations in throwing out their ideas. One exception of course, Omar. He never had any reservation. His “heart is at his mouth”. He will just say out whatever come across his mind.

We are eleven all together (excluding 2 sit-in students, who were absent today). These are us. Even in this finals class, you can still see the shyish features in their gesture.

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All of us, from right – Siti Solehah, Omar, Ulfah, Juma, Liz, Fairil, me, Kama, Khairah, Aween (with her baby in the tummy), Husna and Aimi.

I purposely put the photo below upside down…guess why?

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Final pose for the research methodology class. Wish you all a bright future. Captured here are Ulfah, Fairil, Siti Solehah, Liz and Khairah

They look happy today because I have extended the due date for the proposal submission. It is not that I like to give them additional time to finish the assignment – but I just want to see them smiling on this very last day of the term! You know, students are always happy if we extend the due dates…!

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Girls from Island No 1 – Ulfah and Siti Solehah (In the background are Juma and Omar)

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me and the girls of Research Methodology class of A142. NINE of us. You may count 8 ladies here…but there is another person in Aween’s tummy! (Aimi is pointing at it)

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Now I realised how ‘small’ we were when Kama is standing next to us…he is like one kind of a giant!

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They said, “Free style prof!” Oh, I just do not know how to generate one free style..I guess this does not really work.

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I do not know what they said that makes me lough like that…

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Me and the guys. From right: Juma, Omar, me, Fairil and Kama.

We don’t just have fun having a photo shooting session. we do have a serious topic to cover today. Table below are the gist of what we have covered in our final class. I encouraged my students to take other RM courses online, via MOOCs provided by Cousera, Udacity, EdX and others. Check out the links provided!

ONLINE COURSE ON RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

COURSE URL Note
Certificate course on research methodology (paid/free) https://www.ccrm.in/ Last date to register: 10th June
Understanding research methods (free) https://www.coursera.org/course/researchmethods Check site (univ of London)
Research skill online https://researchskills.epigeum.com/ A few universities combined syllabus (lots of courses..check out: https://researchskills.epigeum.com/online-courses)
MOOCs centre – join venture EdX, coursera, ect.. https://www.edx.org/school/harvardx Example course: https://www.edx.org/course/electronic-literature-davidsonx-d004x
Dr Greg Martin provides an introduction to research methods and study design. Specifically he takes a look at qualitative and quantitative research methods https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PDjS20kic54 Use youtube sparingly
Case control and cohort study: Dr Greg martin compares the strengthes of each study design and descibes when each of them would be a preferred research method https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J3GHTYa-gZg

COUSERA, UDACITY, EdX – PROs and CONs

Coursera Udacity edX
Pros

  • Free unverified certificates of completion.
  • Biggest catalog.
  • The best of the discussion forums by comparison, but nothing to brag about.
  • The greatest variety of partners.
  • Transcripts in many different languages.
  • iOS, Android and Kindle Fire apps.
  • Free “honor system” certificates; fee-based verified certificates; advanced certificates for specialized work.
Pros

  • Start anytime. You don’t have to wait for the course you’re interested in.
  • Move at your own pace. Caters to self-directed students.
  • Lots of programming and computer science classes.
  • More focus on current on workplace skills.
  • iOS and Android apps.
Pros

  • Free unverified certificates.
  • Big catalog from interesting and prestigious university partners.
  • Great for the sciences and medicine.
  • Some foreign language classes.
  • Free “honor system” certificates; fee-based verified certificates; advanced certificates for specialized work.
Cons

  • Too structured for some learners. You have to go at the pace the professor releases the videos and assignments.
  • More variability in quality.
  • You might have to wait awhile until the course you want is made active.
Cons

  • No more free certificates.
  • Smaller community. You’ll mostly be working on your own unless you pay for the premium version.
  • Difficult if you need deadlines to keep you on track.
  • Very little in foreign languages.
Cons

  • Frustrating discussion forums.
  • More variability in quality.
  • No a

 MOOCs’ info

http://www.skilledup.com/articles/the-best-mooc-provider-a-review-of-coursera-udacity-and-edx

 Computer science courses:

http://www.skilledup.com/articles/learn-computer-science-online-free

Top 10 Sites for Free Education With Elite Universities

http://www.bdpa-detroit.org/portal/index.php/comittees/high-school-computer-competition-hscc/29-education/57-moocs-top-10-sites-for-free-education-with-elite-universities.html

LINKS TO STUDENTS’ WORK -STORYTELLING
1. 900527  Fairil Bin Hasbullah  fairilhasbullah84@gmail.com 0193805878 
  DR ZU: OK, but does not really tells story that reflects the substance of a problem statement.
  
2.  819027  Siti Solehah Binti Abdul Rejab -Theoretical Framework
DRZU: Siti – you explain in text, it’s like an animated slides of texts-texts…the animation has nothing to do with the story. actually there is no story exist!
3.  818789 Ulfah Lina Jasri Problem Statement 
DRZU: Ulfah, I do not see any good reason for using youtube. The texts are not readable…
your workis better explained by flipsnacks or other flipping comics tools.
the flow of the story is not obvious – must rely heavily on texts. the storyline is rather unclear.
4. 819160  Omar Naji AlJamili       Thesis Statement
DRZU: There is no storyline here. No story at all…just texts of dialogues which can also be written in the slides/ms words texts. the explataion on a thesis statement has nothing to do with track/gym being shown in the comic strips. You may have the dialogues – but also shown in a realted story. as for now the ‘stry’ has no relationship with the dialogues.
5.817626   Aimi Sarah Binti Abdullah – Qualitative & Quantitative Approach
DRZU: I refer to the hardcopy
Ahmed
DRZU: what is the message Ahmed? watchthe movie twice..still cannot grasp the concept
7. (99035) Husna Afifi Mohd Yusoff  – Research Scope
DRZU: Husna, I cannot read it. it is too small.- please send me the hardcopy. 
8. 99173 Kamaruzaman Ahmad – Research Paradigm
DRZU: classroom situation, teaching-learning context, and text explanation. If I do not read the text, do I know the different? NO…
9. 817602 Aween
DRZU: it is the same with the previous hard copy. 
10.819026 khairah – research design
TITLE & LINK TO POSTERS
Name               title                                                                         URL to poster
  1. Ulfah Lina  A Hybridized Simulation for Green Supply Chain Management in Malaysian Automotive Industry  https://www.dropbox.com/s/ofmrkiqessngs2s/Poster%20Ulfah%20Lina%20Jasri.png?dl=0
  2. Khairah Nazurah A System Dynamics approach to evaluate mode share strategies to mitigate congestion in Kuala Lumpur https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_UePHNPqTdQaDI3WE1zMTI5Zms/view?usp=sharing
  3. omar naji aljamili     Improving job scheduling of grid computing using bee algorithm  https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4zg4D70Gdu2MElkemNOVlZsQUU/view?usp=sharing
  4. Aimi Sarah binti Abdullah Solving Capacitated Vehicle Problem using Heuristic Method   https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BxX0ftQdHPQOaTlVRmlrV2Y4OEE/view?usp=sharing
  5. Siti Solehah – Solving An Extended Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP) Using Modified Branch and Bound Method. https://www.dropbox.com/s/cl5pm76epxypofr/POSTER%20SOLEHAH.jpg?dl=0
  6. Fairil Bin Hasbullah Attitude Toward Bilingualism and Identity of Kelantanese Undergraduates in Learning English https://plus.google.com/u/0/106981069277585444539/posts/eDYuHicFk4c?pid=6132684825044981362&oid=106981069277585444539 
  7. Juma Hamisi Mtepa The performance of Rule-Based System on Network Intrusion Detection in Banking Industry   https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BySDT_Fea7pENDh0enhYZExTak0/view?usp=sharing
  8. Aween         Games in English Language Learning: Creating a Low Anxiety Classroom  https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B5jVm2k7tSmteEVIVWVYOEM2c00/view?usp=sharing
  9. Qi Lizhen      4 Methods to Treat Schizophrenia among Late Adolescents https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzVXXZhB26w-RndxQWw5cGpuYUNzbU5CcnMzR2hBWnA4aHRj/view?usp=sharing
  10. Husna Afifi Mohd Yusoff  The Influence of Perceived Risk and Trust on Malaysian Consumer’s Online Purchase Behaviour https://www.dropbox.com/s/qczrbm0bybcqjgz/The%20Influence%20of%20Perceived%20Risk%20and%20Trust%20on%20Malaysian%20Consumer%27s%20Online%20Purchase%20Behaviour.jpg?dl=0
  11. Kamaruzaman Ahmad “A Model of Rice Security Using System Dynamics Approach Towards Achieving Full Self-Sufficiency Level in Malaysia”  https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1DK-LKNGP0XOUlITHlLa19acmM/view?usp=sharing
  12. Nabil Noman    Improving UUM Bus Services During The Peak Times Using A Web Mobile-based System https://www.dropbox.com/s/kkq8lzekvsgb6q1/poster.jpg?dl=0

With that, we say goodbye and may Allah’s mercy and blessing are granted for us. Take care, be productive, be “usable”!

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Conveying my final words…

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A summary of a research contribution

There are four types of contributions of a research, in most field. One may contribute a new theory, new solution, new method or a new territory, or of combination of those 4. Any one contribution can be considered as a contribution to the body of knowledge.

xxxxxxx

Although the field is Computer Science – the contribution is generalisable to almost all field.

As for the methodology, the Computer Science field acknowledges five methods namely formal methods, experimental, process, development, and model. Model, however, rarely stands alone. It has to be verified or complemented by experiment/process/development (prototype).

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A Master’s degree vs a Doctoral degree (PhD)

Master’s degree

  • Applied research
  • A thesis of 10-20K word
  • Knows the tools and knows how to use them
  • Can make use of appropriate research procedures
  • Present result in an acceptable whole
The scope and duration of a Master's degree

The scope and duration of a Master’s degree

PhD

  • Basic & Applied research
  • a thesis of 90K-100K words
  • Require stature, breadth & conviction in literary argument

    (Stature = High level of respect gained by impressive development or achievement; Conviction = An unshakable belief in something without need for proof or evidence; Literary argument = Knowledgeable about literature)

  • Organise primary & secondary info into a meaningful whole
  • Present result in an acceptable whole
  • Add understanding to the field – contribute to new knowledge
  • Present independent and original research in the field
The difference between the two, in terms of duration, scope and intensity of the research work.

The difference between the two, in terms of duration, scope and intensity of the research work.

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The research gap, how does it differs from the problem statement?

Indeed, we need to know the gap prior to formulating the research problem for a study. A problem statement cannot exist without having a clear knowledge on what is lacking in previous studies. All research work begin with preliminary literature review — basically reading, reading, and reading from lots of reliable sources, on line and offline. Then, evaluate the information gathered where one should look for GAP.

The difference between the research gap and the problem statement.

The difference between the research gap and the problem statement.

GAP?? Gap is anything that limits us to reach a conclusion for a given question. It could be an area with inadequate information, mixed previous empirical results, bias information, inconsistent information, wrong population, wrong outcome, or limited previous results (conflict in previous results, arbitrage, complex).

By knowing the gap, then only we can FORMULATE a problem statement, either type 1 or type 2 model of a problem statement. Both templates can be viewed at–> A template for writing your problem statement

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The structure of a research paper

(research paper = an article for a conference/journal or a research proposal)

It is KING's chess structure

It is  a KING’s chess structure

Think of a King’s chess shape, then relates it to your research paper. Top most is the title. The characteristics of a good TITLE is as follows

  1. not exceeding 14 words
  2. include the dependent and independent variables in it
  3. reflects the objective of the study or the thesis statement or the main claim made in the paper

The ABSTRACT– is actually a shorter version of the whole paper. Note the shape of the abstract is actually a miniature version of the shape of the whole paper. It should include these 4:

  1. the problem/issue to be investigated
  2. the objective of the paper
  3. the methods and
  4. the result/expected deliverable.

The INTRODUCTION should state the scene of the study, the bridge and also the claim. These 3 consist of

  1. the semantic meaning of the paper title (scene)
  2. the problem in general (scene)
  3. the operational definition of the main keywords or key concepts (scene)
  4. the variables involved (bridge)
  5. the claim

Get the full slide below 
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The pain in a research journey

frust

Research can be a very lonely process…why?

Frustration, confusion and feeling incompetence is normal for most researchers, including me. By normal I mean it is commonplace and surmountable. Tell u what, being able to find a balance and deal with a crisis are part and parcel of researching. So far I have not seen one student who has not agonised over his/her research journey (ya la, kita bukan student sajakita plays variety of roles kan, as student, mother, sister, brother, friend, boy/girlfriend, an employee, partner, child…).

Sometimes we have to do A, but thinking of our role as B,…Believe me, we could not afford to waste time agonising over what we thought we should be doing. THERE IS NO PRODUCTIVITY IN ANGST AND GUILT.

On finding a balance – at work, at home, at the univ, …a good start is to be honest about our needs, our obligations. Put our concerns on the table and discuss realistic and achievable goals (at home with hubby and children, at the office with the boss, at the university with supervisor/academic adviser).

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FINAL CLASS OF 2014 – THE CONCLUDING LECTURE

It is mixed feeling. I am not so good at goodbye so I decided to have our final lecture outside the classroom. Mr Fakhrul, a professional photographer, agreed to capture this concluding lecture. Here are some of the photos he recorded and I put it here for remembering the good times I have with all the students of class A141. I remember all their names and I hope to remember them forever in my prayers.

focus...

Focus…

UUM, the university in the green forest.

We had fun. From right – Nurul ‘Atiqah, Penny, Siti Zulaiha, Saiful, Nur Hafizah, Ahmad Zaid a.k.a. Payed, me (in the middle), Tendai a.k.a T, Nadia (behind T), Kayatri, Nur Zuraida, Kah Ho, Mei-Mei, Kah Moey, and Samad.

we had fun

UUM, The university in the green forest.

Nadia brought cakes to class –which almost brought me to tears (but surely I do not cry in front of my students – I never did. I prefer to do it while taking my shower..so no one knows!). One cake were shared by everybody in the class, one was given to me in whole! Every semester I am blessed with concerned and sweet students. I have a cake last sem too.

The cake, from SZRZ class of 2014, A141. Thanks to all.

The cake, from SZRZ class of 2014, A141. Thanks to all.

I wish everybody the best – may you have a future of your dream and that you serve with kindness for the purpose of seeking His blessings. Till we meet again down the lane of the path of love. Every lough and tear will be a memory. Do pray for each other.

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A SIMPLE SUMMARY OF STUDY DESIGN

This summary was prepared by one of my student – Abdus Samad O. I found it useful. Hope it is of some use to you too.

Five types of study designs compiled by Abdus Samad O. I really need to get him to provide the references for this. Please bear with me...

Five types of study designs compiled by Abdus Samad O. I really need to get him to provide the references for this. Please bear with me…

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THE SKELETON OF A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (TYPE 1)

Prepare this skeleton in your word processing application. From time to time, as you read and encounter relevant contents, just insert into the associated heading/subheading.

Prepare this skeleton in your word processing application. From time to time, as you read and encounter relevant contents, just insert into the associated heading/subheading.

The figure above is an example of entries that should be included in your research proposal. This is type 1 – where you do not have chapters. Type 1 proposal is of 20-30 pages document consisting the idea (because everything is still at the conceptual level) of your research work. The skeleton is however, expandable to a 3-chapter proposal. How? split this skeleton into 3 and add the details for each, as follows:

Chapter 1 – introduction (similar to this skeleton, without the literature review section, i.e. section 1.5)

Chapter 2 – Literature review (details on theoretical foundation, followed by analysis on previous work in similar studies. The flow of writing should be guided by your research questions)

Chapter 3 – The methodology (Expand and detail out the Research Design section in chapter 1, or the section 1.6 of the type 1 proposal)

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ON WRITING THE OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

After the course at KPTM yesterday, a partcipant requested that I listed down suitable verbs to be used in writing the objective of the study. These 4 illustrations taken my slides (presented at UTP, sometimes in September this year) are self explanatory.

First, understand the basic characteristics of an objective.

First, understand the basic characteristics of an objective.

“The objective of this study is to …CHOOSE FROM THE VERB LIST ABOVE “

Specific objectives as a subsection or sub-para in the objective section. Specific objectives are normally more in numbers.

Specific objectives as a subsection or sub-para in the objective section. Specific objectives are normally more in numbers.

The relationship between The problem statement, The research questions, and the objectives of the study.

The relationship between The problem statement, The research questions, and the objectives of the study. The problem statement should be aligned to the main objective. The research questions should be aligned to the research objectives (a few questions sometimes is needed to be answered in order to achieve one objective, e.g. above 2RQs will be answered in order to achieve RO1). The research questions are retreived from the details given in the problem statement. When all specific objectives are achieved, then the main objective is automatically achieved. when the main objective is achieved, thus we solved the problem posed in the problem statement.

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Ahmad Zaid’s idea of experiment. Let’s drop the egg…and not breaking it!

Class on Nov 2nd, 2014. Ahmad Zaid (Payed) wanted his classmates to perform a real experiment. The objective is not to break the egg when dropping it from the first floor. Given only five pieces of papers, adhesive tapes and ropes –  they have to be creative. Here are some of the photos taken during the session.

Kayatri, Siti, Tendai and Samad - hey Siti, watch out the egg!

Kayatri, Siti, Tendai and Samad – hey Siti, watch out the egg!

Guess, how creative can they be?

Guess, how creative can they be?

By all means...let's ask Mr Google, You better hurry, the clock is ticking!

By all means…let’s ask Mr Google, You better hurry, the clock is ticking!

Yee haaa...ours is ready. Kah Ho, Kah Moey, Zuiraida and Nadia are confident enough that they will grab the Winner title!

Yee haaa…ours is ready. Kah Ho, Kah Moey, Zuiraida and Nadia are confident enough that they will grab the Winner title!

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The students’ lecture

NAME TOPIC Link to material
2 Ahmad Zaid Hamidi Bin Yasin 6  Research design
4 KAYATRI A/P KRISHNAN 14  The research ethics
5 Lee Kah Ho 10  Aims in selecting samples
6 Lee Kah Moey 10  Aims in selecting samples
7 Long Mei Mei 3  Lit review
8 Nadia Hasidah Binti Mat Nayan 11
9 Nor Zuraida binti Mohd Gaminan 11 RO-components a of a research proposal
10 Nur Hafizah binti Zakaria 9  Sampling
11 Nurul ‘Atiqah binti Abdul Rahman 7  Data collection
12 Olanrewaju Abdus-samad Temitope 12  Study design and Hypothesis 
13 Penny Ngu Ai Huong 8  measurements scales
14 Saifulazmi bin Tayib 5  Lit Rev. -vars & writing
15 Siti Zulaiha binti Ahmad 14  Research ethics
16 Tendai Zengeni 12  The research scope

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The students’ posters

No Name Topic Link to poster
1 Ahmad Zaid Hamidi Bin Yasin The Effect of Stimulating Behavioural Retention for Children with Hyperactive Behaviour Using Looping Beats Sound

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2 Kayatri Krishnan Web tools support model for supervised flipped classroom in Universities

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3 Lee Kah Ho Consistent and Counter Phising OpenID Model

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4 Lee Kah Moey Online Fund Transfer Ownership Confirmation Using  Thumb Print

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5 Long Mei Mei Mixed variables classification model in the presence of outliers

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6 Nadia Hasidah Mat Nayan Speech Therapy of Dyslexia (Learning Disabilities) Using Digital Modeling Technology

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7 Nor Zuraida Mohd Gaminan ViDic-MSL: An online Malaysian Sign Language Video Dictionary

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8 Nur Hafizah Zakaria Approach for assessment of stakeholder’s credit risk using  data mining in construction projects.

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9 Nurul ‘Atiqah Abd Rahman A mechanism to prevent session hijacking in cloud  computing using openid and page token

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10 Olanrewaju Abdus-samad A user privacy control framework for sensitive     data control from third parties

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11 Penny Ngu AI Huong Integrated Smooth Location Model and Data Reduction Approach for High Dimensional Data

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12 Saifulazmi bin Tayib An Integration Framework of Public Sector Online Systems and the State Government Accounting System in Malaysia

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13 Siti Zulaiha Ahmad A conceptual Model of Interactive Persuasive  Learning  For  Dyscalculia Children

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14 Tendai Zengeni Optimization of bitrate in spatial multiplexed multimode fibre.

poster T

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My sample poster

Jalan berliku meniti rintang-ranting PENCARIAN (Loads and challenges in doing research)

coverPoster

A sample poster – you may replace the texts/part of the graphics with your objectives/problem/idea of a solution..etc. Just be creative.

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The Students’ demo (web tools)

NAME Web tools selected Link to tools
2 Ahmad Zaid Hamidi Bin Yasin  endNote  http://endnote.com/
4 KAYATRI A/P KRISHNAN  Bubbl  https://bubbl.us/mindmap
5 Lee Kah Ho  SVN  https://subversion.apache.org/
6 Lee Kah Moey  One note http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/support/get…
7 Long Mei Mei  Excel  microsoft
8 Nadia Hasidah Binti Mat Nayan  Teamviewer  http://www.teamviewer.com
9 Nor Zuraida binti Mohd Gaminan  Mindmup  www.mindmup.com
10 Nur Hafizah binti Zakaria  Mendeley http://www.mendeley.com/download-mendeley-des. (I THINK THIS LINK IS INCOMPLETE)
11 Nurul ‘Atiqah binti Abdul Rahman  Google form/sheet  http://www.google.com/forms/about/
http://www.google.com/sheets/about/
12 Olanrewaju Abdus-samad Temitope Evernote https://evernote.com
13 Penny Ngu Ai Huong  SPSS  http://www-01.ibm.com/software/analytics/spss…
14 Saifulazmi bin Tayib  Trello  http://trello.com/
15 Siti Zulaiha binti Ahmad  Viper  http://www.scanmyessay.com/
16 Tendai Zengeni   Xmind   http://www.xmind.net/

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 ON LITERATURE REVIEW

Words, suggested  to be used in your LITERATURE REVIEW

A broader scope
A narrower scope
A similar focus/approach/tone
A slightly different focus/approach/tone
Adapts
Breaks out the paradigm
Bypasses the debate
Confuses
Contrary to
Contributes to the research on
Criticizes
Elaborates
Enters the debate
Explores/investigates
Goes beyond
In a different sphere
In agreement with
In confirmation of
In contrast to
In line with
In opposition to
In reaction against
In response to
In the same vein
Influenced by
Linked to
Misinterprets
Misses
More general
More specific
On one hand
On the other hand
Parallel to
Related to
Re-emphasizes the categories
Reinforces
Rejects
Responds to
Revisits the same subjects
Revolutionizes the field of
Supports
Undermines

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A template for writing a research INTRODUCTION

In writing an introduction section in the introduction chapter of a proposal/thesis, a standard template can be followed. the purpose of providing this template is not to restrict, rather it is intended to provide a training platform for students who are struggling in writing the introduction for their thesis.

As in learning how to drive a car, one should follow strictly to the rules and regulation. Once you are good, you can maneuver in whichever way you like but make sure you still comply to the traffic rules. Same goes for writing. First, follow the rules and procedure. once you are good, you may use your own style and format of writing – but still you have to include all the necessary components.

There are 5 compulsory components to be included in the introduction section – i.e. the introduction part in the introduction chapter of your thesis or your research proposal. The length of the section depends on the number of key terms and variables you have in your study. But normally this section is no longer than 3 pages.

Shown below is the template for the said section, highlighting the 5 compulsory components.

intro template

The ‘template’ of an introduction section in an introduction chapter. The red texts can be replaced with the intended components. You may retain the black texts or replace with your own words. The style of writing may vary but the 5 components must exist.

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 GUIDE IN WRITING THE THESIS STATEMENT

(my own version of the given source)

thesis st

Another way of writing a thesis statement is by stating your (1) claim, (2) justification for the claim, and (3) an example on where our claim has been implemented successfully.

The following template can be used for writing your thesis statement:

<ANSWER> because <JUSTIFY WHY> which is illustrated in <EXAMPLE>

The simplest TS example is shown below:

Basmati is the best rice because it is healthy, long grain, and non-sticky which is illustrated in nasi minyak , nasi beryani, and nasi hujan panas.

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 A TEMPLATE FOR WRITING YOUR PROBLEM STATEMENT

method 1

Method 1 – start with the problem. Try to follow the template. later when you are good, you can be creative in the style of writing your problem statement.

method 2

Method 2 – start with the ideal situation, connect with the ‘however/but/in contrast/in spite of’ statement, than proceed with the problem as in method 1.

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Weekly details at learningzone.uum.edu.my

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY SYLLABUS (old)

Course Synopsis:
The course will provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to develop and carry out a research. In particular, the course aims at teaching students about research design, strategies, methods, and process. The important steps in planning a research project, such as problem identification and formulation of the research question, developing the study objective, reviewing related literature and formulating a model will also be covered. Additionally, methods for data collection and analysis are included. The course also discusses the preparations involved in writing a research proposal.

Course Learning Outcomes:
Upon completion of the course, students are able to
i. Formulate research problem [C3, P2, A1]
ii. Postulate the proper research questions [C5, P5, A4]
iii. Design appropriate research methods to address the research questions [C5, P5, A3]
iv. Prepare a research proposal [C6, P6, A4]

Information on Course

Course Name :   RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Course Code:      SZRZ6014
Name(s) of Academic Staff:

  • One each from all fields
Rationale for the inclusion of the course in the programme:This is a compulsory course for all Masters and is highly recommended for PhD programmes.
Semester/Year Offered:  2/1

Total Student Learning Time (SLT)

Face to face

SL

TLT

L = LectureT = TutorialP = PracticalO = Others

L

T

P

O

24

12

15.8

107.8

159.6

Credit Value: 4
Pre-requisite (if any):NIL
Objective(s) of Course :After completing this course, students should be able to:

  1. understand the research process and steps
  2. use the knowledge acquired to conduct research
Course Learning Outcomes:Upon completion of the course, students are able to

  1. Formulate research problem [C3, P2, A1]
  2. Postulate the proper research questions [C5, P5, A4]
  3. Design appropriate research methods to address the research questions [C5, P5, A3]
  4. Prepare a research proposal [C6, P6, A4]
Transferable Skills:Communication, critical thinking and problem solving, teamwork, information management and continuous skill, professional ethics and leadership skill.
Teaching-learning and assessment strategy:Mixed method between teacher-centred and student-centred. For the assessment strategy it is a continuous assessment.
Synopsis:The course will provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to develop and carry out a research. In particular, the course aims at teaching students about research design, strategies, methods, and process. The important steps in planning a research project, such as problem identification and formulation of the research question, developing the study objective, reviewing related literature and formulating a model will also be covered. Additionally, methods for data collection and analysis are included. The course also discusses the preparations involved in writing a research proposal.
Mode of Delivery:Lectures, discussions, field work, presentations and computer lab works.
Assessment Methods and Types:Coursework – 100% (Report, test, quiz, and presentation)
Mapping of the course/module to the Programme Aims

Programme Aims

 

Course Learning Outcomes

1

2

3

4

The aim of this programme is to produce graduates with the advanced knowledge, principles and skills in term of theoretical and practical foundation for designing, implementing and managing information technology solutions and resources and also recognizing the impact of technology on individuals, organization and society.

3

3

3

3

Mapping of the course/module to the Programme Learning Outcomes

Programme Learning Outcomes

 

Course Learning Outcomes

1

2

3

4

 

elaborate the advanced concept of Information Technology in accordance with the business needs of the nation.

3

3

3

3

apply the acquired knowledge in solving problems utilizing advanced programming skills and appropriate tools to develop applications.
demonstrate professional responsibilities and ethical behaviour within social environment.

2

2

3

3

demonstrate professionalism in managing tasks incorporated with motivated attitudes and values that carry ethical considerations.

3

3

3

3

demonstrate effective communication and  teamwork capabilities in managing and conducting IT projects and research.

3

3

3

3

integrate and synthesize business and IT issues, and critically propose potential solutions utilizing scientific approach.

3

3

3

3

combine suitable business and entrepreneurial skills in IT related projects.
apply acquired skills and knowledge to pursue lifelong learning and career advancement, and keep up to date with emerging information and communication technologies advancements.

3

3

3

3

practice excellent leadership in managing IT projects and research.

3

3

3

3

Content outline of the course/module and the SLT per topic

Topic

Learning Outcomes

Face to Face

SL

TLT

L

T

P

 1. Introduction to ResearchDefinition of researchCharacteristics of researchTypes of research

  • Basic
  • Applied

Approaches in  research

  • Quantitative
  • Qualitative
  • Mixed method

Overview of research paradigm

  • Positivist
  • Social constructionist
  • Post-positivist
  • Pragmatism
  • Post-modernism
  • Critical theory

1

2

1

6

9

 2. Overview of research process Formulating research problem and literature reviewConceptualizing  research designConstructing an instrument for data collectionSelecting sampleWriting research proposalCollecting DataProcessing DataWriting Report

1,2

2

1

4

7

 3. Formulating research problemImportance of formulating research problemSources of research problem (http://present.me/view/92739-criticalresearchareainit)Consideration in selecting a research problemSteps in the formulation of a research problemFormulation of research objectiveLinking research problem and objective

1,2

2

1

4

7

 4. Reviewing the literatureReasons for reviewing

  • Bring clarity and form
  • Improve methodology
  • Broaden knowledge

Procedure for reviewing

Review the literature selected

Develop theoretical framework

Develop conceptual framework

  • Identifying variables
  • Constructing hypothesis

Writing up the literature reviewed

Forms and structure of a literature review

1,2,3

2

2

6

10

 5. Research design Definition of designFunction of designQualitative vs. quantitative designs

  • Exploratory
  • Descriptive
  • Causal

Selecting a study design

  • Cross-sectional
  • Before-and-after
  • Longitudinal
  • Prospective
  • Experimental

1,2,3

2

1

4

7

 6. Data collection method for quantitativeSecondary sourcesPrimary sources

  • Observation
  • Interview
  • Questionnaire

Measurement and Scaling

Difference between concept and variable

Concepts, indicator and variable

Levels of measurement scales

  • Ordinal
  • Nominal
  • Interval
  • Ratio

Types of scale

  • Numerical
  • Semantic differential
  • Likert
  • Thurstone
  • Guttman, etc.

Goodness of measurement instrument

  • Validity
  • Reliability
  • Sensitivity

1,2,3

1

4

5

 7. Data collection method for qualitativeFocused interviewSemi standardized interviewProblem centred interviewEthnographic interviewPhenomenography interviewValidity and reliability in qualitative data

1,2,3

2

1

4

7

 8. Sampling Concept of samplingTerminology of samplingPrincipal of samplingFactors affecting inferences drawn from sampleAims in selecting sampleTypes of samplingCalculation of sample sizeSampling Strategies in qualitative research

1,2,3

2

1

4

7

 9. Components of research proposalIntroductionProblem statementResearch objectiveSignificance of the researchScope of the researchReview of literatureStudy design and hypothesisMeasurement procedureSamplingAnalysis of dataExpected findingWork Schedule

1,2,3,4

2

1

4

7

 10. Ethical issuesParticipantsConsentIncentiveSensitive informationHarmConfidentialResearcher

  • Avoid bias
  • Deprivation of treatment
  • Correct reporting
  • Plagiarism

Sponsor

  • Restriction imposed
  • Misuse of information

1,2,3,4

2

1

4

7

 11. Processing and analyzing dataEditing dataCoding dataAnalyzing quantitative data

  • Frequency of distributions
  • Cross tabulation
  • Statistical  procedure

Analyzing qualitative data

  • Thematically analysis
  • Content analysis

1,2,3,4

1

4

5

 12. Writing reportContent of reportReferencingReport outline

1,2,3,4

2

1

4

7

 13. Research methodology in different fields

1,2,3,4

2

1

4

7

24

12

56

92

Assessment

Face to Face

SL

TLT

Coursework                       100%

51.8

107.8

159.6

Total Notional Hours

159.6

Credit Hours

4

References:Main Reference:Kumar, R. (2010). Research methodology: a step-by-step guide for beginners. London: Addison Wesley.Additional References:Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). California: SAGE Publication.Hair, J.  F.  Jr., Money, A. H., Samouel, P. & Page, M. (2007). Research methods for business. Chichester: John Wiley.Silverman, D. (2006). Interpreting qualitative data (3rd ed.). London: SAGE Publication.Wolcott, H. F. (2009). Writing up qualitative research (3rd ed.). California: SAGE Publication.Zikmund, W. G. (2003). Business research methods (7th ed.). Ohio: Thompson- Southwestern.

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A142 STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE

POSTERS & ‘TEACHING’ MATERIAL

  1. Ulfah Lina
    Poster: (A Hybridized Simulation for Green Supply Chain Management in Malaysian Automotive Industry)
    https://www.dropbox.com/s/ofmrkiqessngs2s/Poster%20Ulfah%20Lina%20Jasri.png?dl=0
    Teaching material: Selecting a study design
    http://padlet.com/ulfahlinaa/3jywnwwwpdfv
  2. Khairah Nazurah
    Poster: (A System Dynamics approach to evaluate mode share strategies to mitigate congestion in Kuala Lumpur)  
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_UePHNPqTdQaDI3WE1zMTI5Zms/view?usp=sharing
    T
    eaching material: Structure and forms of Literature Review http://prezi.com/oq1ztgphckdq/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
  3. Omar naji aljamili
    Poster: (Improving job scheduling
    of grid computing using bee algorithm)  https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4zg4D70Gdu2MElkemNOVlZsQUU/view?usp=sharing
    T
    eahing material:
  4. Aimi Sarah binti Abdullah
    Poster:  (Solving Capacitated Vehicle Problem using Heuristic Method)
  5. Siti Solehah
    Poster:  (Solving An Extended Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP) Using Modified Branch and Bound Method).
  6. Fairil Bin Hasbullah
    Poster:  (Attitude Toward Bilingualism and Identity of Kelantanese Undergraduates in Learning English)
  7. Juma Hamisi Mtepa
    Poster:  (The performance of Rule-Based System on Network Intrusion Detection in Banking Industry)   
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BySDT_Fea7pENDh0enhYZExTak0/view?usp=sharing
    T
    eaching material: 
  8. Aween
    Poster: (Games in English Language Learning: Creating a Low Anxiety Classroom)
  9. Nabil Noman Mohammed
    Poster: (Improving UUM Bus Services During The Peak Times Using A Web Mobile-based System)
    https://www.dropbox.com/s/kkq8lzekvsgb6q1/poster.jpg?dl=0
    Teaching material: 
  10. Kamal
    Poster: (A Model of Rice Security Using System Dynamics Approach Towards Achieving Full Self-Sufficiency Level in Malaysia)
    https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B1DK-LKNGP0XfnQyYkJtSXBhWlBCVHdLcFdCbVR5clZha2V1UGlFemEtYzh1X1JEUEJvM3M
    Teaching material: 
  11. Qi Lizhen
    Poster: (4 Methods to Treat Schizophrenia among Late Adolescents)
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzVXXZhB26w-RndxQWw5cGpuYUNzbU5CcnMzR2hBWnA4aHRj/view?usp=sharing
    Teaching material: 
  12. Husna ‘Afifi
    Teaching material: 

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OTHER LINKS

to my SZRZ students:

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